5 Key factors to define a clear test strategy for a structured QA process

Over the period, mindset of our industry people regarding the software testing field has changed a lot. Earlier majorly, had perception that software testing is just limited to finding defects in any. But now, Software testing is one of the most important phases in software development process. It is now a vast field which require lots of skills and responsibilities.

A structured QA process must be defined to begin with testing activities. And one of the important elements of this complete QA process is creating a Test strategy. So, what is Test Strategy? It is a high-level document, which is normally created by QA managers, keeping multiple factors in mind. And I think that this document should be shared and discussed with all the team members, as it is important to have ideas and feedback form all members who are going to work on the same. Having a clear test strategy will sets the standards for testing activities. Writing this document effectively requires skills those are developed with experience.

Next point to think is if there is any standard format for this document, that everyone should follow? So, the answer is no, because every organization has its own rules, preferences and style. So, it is possible that, one format that works for one organization is less important for other organization. This document should be prepared by investing some quality time keeping the Business Requirement Specification document in mind, as this document will be the complete map to achieve the testing objective and the most important factor in the success of the project. So, instead of just creating this test strategy document for the sake of some routine of your job, it is good to understand the various factors that are might be helpful in achieving our testing objective.

Let’s discuss few factors like team skills, objectives, risks, business and product to create a strategy:

Skills: It is very important for the resources/team members to have the required skills as per the project’s requirement. So, analyze the required skills for the assignment and the skills your team possess. It is possible that your team does not possess the required skills, so plan for their training for effective implementation.

Objectives: Testing objective must be very clear before starting testing on any project. The plan must pe prepared accordingly to attain the testing objective. So, spend some time in understanding what the objective or purpose of the testing is as per the product?

Project Risks: Anything that can create problem or block us in achieving our testing goals is called the project risk. So, it is very necessary to understand and analyze all possible the risks that may come across while complete testing phase/process, before the testing starts. We should have plans to mitigate the Risks that might come across to give on time delivery.

Business: It is very important to understand the nature of business. What is good for business and what is not?  In what way the strategy would help business to grow. The strategy should pe prepared such that it covers all the business flows and benefit the same at the time of delivery.

Product: While designing test strategy, we must keep product in mind.  We need to understand the product and who will be the end users of the product. Learn and gather information about the domain of the product. The product should meet the customers/user’s expectations or need.

Author : Raman Kumari


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