Difference between Static Testing and Dynamic Testing
Software testing is a process of analyzing or operating software for the purpose of finding bugs. As we know, testing can involve either “analyzing” or “operating” software. Test activities that are associated with analyzing the products of software development are called static testing. Static testing includes code inspections, walkthroughs, and desk checks. On the other hand, test activities that involve operating the software are called dynamic testing. Static and dynamic testing complement to one another and each type has a unique approach to detecting bugs.
Static testing is a system of White Box testing where developers verify or check code to find fault. This type of testing is completed without executing the applications that are currently developed. Dynamic Testing is completed by walking the real application with valid entries to verify the expected results. Examples of methodologies for dynamic testing are unit testing, integration testing, system testing & acceptance testing.
Main Difference between Static testing and Dynamic Testing:
- Static testing is about prevention whereas dynamic testing is about cure.
- Static testing is more cost-effective than dynamic testing.
- Static testing tools provide greater marginal benefits as compare to dynamic testing.
- Static testing gives comprehensive diagnostics for code than dynamic testing.
- Dynamic testing finds fewer bugs as compare to static testing.
- Dynamic testing usually takes longer time as compare to static testing as it test each case separately.
- Static testing covers more areas than dynamic testing in shorter time.
- Static testing is done before the code deployment whereas dynamic testing is after the code deployment.
- Static testing is done in verification stage whereas dynamic testing is done in validation stage.
- In static testing code is being examined without being executed whereas In dynamic testing, code is being executed and tested without necessarily being examined.